At the Performing Stage, managers can expect the team to start delivering predictable results and meeting deadlines. They can delegate more responsibilities to the team and focus on more strategic work. At this stage, the team’s routine and norms become stable and change infrequently.

Usually teams comprised of members who are professionally immature will have a difficult time getting past this stage. His theory, called “Tuckman’s Stages”, was based on research he conducted on team dynamics. He believed that these stages are inevitable in order for a group to grow to the point where they are functioning effectively together and delivering high quality results. This phase is often met with uncertainty as team members are becoming acquainted with one another. Clockwise optimizes teams’ calendars to create more time in everyone’s day.

Members feel attached to the team as something “greater than the sum of its parts” and feel satisfaction in the team’s effectiveness. Members feel confident in their individual abilities and those of their teammates. The team leader should meet with each team member to outline the next steps and provide support for role changes, restructuring and future initiatives.

during which stage of team development

Members may disagree on team goals, and subgroups and cliques may form around strong personalities or areas of agreement. To get through this stage, members must work to overcome obstacles, to accept individual differences, and to work through conflicting ideas on team tasks and goals. In the Performing stage of team development, members feel satisfaction in the team’s progress. They share insights into personal and group process and are aware of their own (and each other’s) strengths and weaknesses.

Roles on the team may have become more fluid, with members taking on various roles and responsibilities as needed. Differences among members are appreciated and used to enhance the team’s performance. Behaviors during the Norming stage may include members making a conscious effort to resolve problems and achieve group harmony.

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Provide constructive feedback to all team members to ensure continuous growth and alignment with team objectives. Introduce a system of rewards and consequences to reinforce the ground rules identified during the forming stage. At the forming stage, there is a substantial degree of nervousness and uncertainty among the team. Team members tend to approach each other and their duties cautiously, so there is usually a lack of conflict and almost no risk taking. Individuals also tend to work alone and are hesitant to collaborate, leaving a serious lack of teamwork and camaraderie.

So, you host a meeting where your team can get to know one another, their work style, and the way they feel appreciated. Your team is new and excited to learn about upcoming projects as well as about each other. You outline the work, as well as key milestones, deliverables and objectives.

Can be painful to team members who are reluctant to deal with conflict. Members try to resolve the issues related to the task and working relations. Build trust among team members, by advocating honesty, transparency, and accountability.

#2 Storming Stage

Many teams take two figurative steps forward only to realize they’ve taken a step back down the line, so there’s no reason to panic if your group returns to a previous stage of team development. By now, your team will have an indelible leadership structure in place and your team’s goals will be top of mind for everyone laboring to achieve them. Workers will be focused and purposeful, and their objectives and work will align perfectly. Conflict between team members may force a team to rework project goals and reassign critical tasks. You may also have to tweak your group’s workflow to break down silos created by professionals who are acting like cliquish high school students.

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Team members thrive when handling individual and collective tasks since each individual’s skills are fully optimized. Although members understand each other, conflicts may still arise at the norming stage of team development. Nonetheless, the conflicts can’t spiral into dysfunction because the team has gelled. Members have a more profound commitment to each other and the project’s completion, so it’s easier to handle conflicts.

Stage #1

As mentioned, some of the stages are team development may have some conflict, disagreements, or general butting of heads. However, there are some strategies you can do to help your team advance through the five stages with minimal conflict. When each of the five stages is carried through, your group will feel more in sync and be a high-functioning unit. No one is afraid to ask a question, bring up a concern, or pose a new way of going about certain tasks.

Individuals collaborate seamlessly, and they are fully committed to the team’s mission and purpose. Conflict resolution is well established and constructive, and the team has developed a high capacity for independent performance and productivity. Although norming is a calm stage of team development, there are still things that you can and should do to help things run more smoothly.

  • They get together once or twice a week to discuss their progress with the garden and chat about their lives.
  • In this stage typically team members are ready to leave causing significant change to the team structure, membership, or purpose and the team during the last week of class.
  • The norming stage of team development is when team members feel the project has become normal and familiar.
  • Some of the greatest entrepreneurs and inventors have had failed companies and ill-conceived ideas.
  • Or, the team could revert back to the “forming” stage if a new member joins the team.
  • Team leadership Support managers with the tools and resources they need to lead hybrid & remote teams.

Arguments and disagreements take place as leaders and peers present different ideas. Norming is the third stage of group development, representing a time when the group becomes a cohesive unit and morale remains high. Performing follows the norming stage and is a time characterized by high productivity and unity between group members.

How To Help Your Team Progress Through The Stages Of Group Development

It is important for managers to understand how groups form and change because groups are a critical part of the success of any organization. Returning to the marketing team example, the group originally formed a cohesive group that clearly outlined its goals and assigned roles to each of its members. However, during the storming phase, the group begins to lose focus as two strong leaders attempt to control the group. The rest of the members remain quiet while the two individuals vying for control question each other’s methods and deviate from their assigned roles.

One of the leaders proposes that the group goes out to dinner to celebrate their success, in addition to offering a time of group reflection before they are permanently disbanded. Many group members are disappointed that the group must dissolve, but they recognize and commend other group members for the skills both personally developed and those developed as a team. In this critical phase of group development, members have an increased need for clarification. More dominant members within the group tend to emerge and lead, while less confident members remain performing in their comfort zone. While problems may exist within the group, the quiet members do not voice their concerns and the group may not be able to reach an agreement later on.

Members are cautious with their behavior, which is driven by the desire to be accepted by all members of the group. Conflict, controversy and personal opinions are avoided even though members are beginning to form impressions of each other and gain an understanding of what the group will do together. Some believe this cautious behavior prevents the group from getting any real work done. However, the focus for group members during the forming stage is to become familiar with each other and their purpose, not on work. “With group norms and roles established, group members focus on achieving common goals, often reaching an unexpectedly high level of success.” By this time, they are motivated and knowledgeable. The team members are now competent, autonomous and able to handle the decision-making process without supervision.

How To Make Performing Run Smoothly

If you reach the performing stage, it means that your effort at the first three stages has finally paid off. Some team leaders become incapable of bringing the team to the performing stage, so they remain at the norming stage. Noticing these issues early allows for course correction when one or two members of the group are practicing negative norms. If a leader notices that the team is stuck in the storming stage, it’s essential to identify the issues. They will have to listen to their team members and observe them to understand the problem if it doesn’t seem obvious.

Address and resolve conflicts and problems as soon as they arise. In addition to handling conflicts, you’ll need to determine workflows, follow them, and constantly tweak and improve them as you go along. Stagnation is always worse than conflict — instead of maintaining a facade of politeness, it’s crucial that you identify your problems, analyze them, AND talk about them. They’re also sad that they won’t get to see each other on a regular basis, as they’ve grown quite close.

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They enjoy each other’s company – both while working on the project and after hours via communicating on email, instant messaging, on Twitter, or over the telephone. Team members “throw during which stage of team development work over the wall” to other team members, with lack of concern for timelines or work quality. Help members to understand and appreciate the other members’ knowledge and skills.

To ensure their teams reach their potential, proper team development is a learned skill that businesses need to infuse into their company culture. Groups go through the five stages of team development at different rates of speed due to a variety of factors. If you’re fortunate, the performing phase will be the lengthiest phase for your team.

The storming stage of group development may be compared to living with a roommate for a short time and beginning to realize the differences in how tasks are carried out between each person. The team meets and learns about the opportunities and challenges, and then agrees on goals and begins to tackle the tasks. They may be motivated but are usually relatively uninformed of the issues and objectives of the team. Team members are usually on their best behavior but very focused on themselves.

The first stage of team development is forming, which is a lot like orientation day at college or a new job. Challenges have a minimal impact on team performance and morale because members have strategies for resolving them without compromising project timelines and progress. A team’s performance is at peak capacity at this stage because everyone has learned to identify and leverage each other’s strengths for the common good. On their part, members should learn how to organize their responsibilities. Conflicts are usually minimal since members are too newly acquainted to have any. The initial forming stage is the process of putting the structure of the team together.